I am native to the Central Americas and was first domesticated in Mexico, by at least 2600 BC.
My Latin name comes from the Greek words helios, sun, and anthos, which means flower.
In Peru, the Aztecs worshipped me by placing my image in their temples and crowning princesses with my bright yellow flowers.
My face contains up to 3,000 individual flowers – each develops into a seed. The seeds are arranged in two sets of spirals, with the number of spirals usually either 21 and 34, 34 and 55, 55 and 89, or 89 and 144 – numbers which are next to each other in the Fibonacci sequence.